Click here for a list of research, commentary, and educational publications categorised by NDC domain: sleep, breastfeeding, cry-fuss problems, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and environmental enrichment.
Research publications: Neuroprotective Developmental Care (NDC or the Possums programs) by date of publication:
Douglas P S. Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of nipple and breast candidiasis: a review of the relationship between the diagnosis of mammary candidiasis and Candida albicans in breastfeeding women. Women's Health. 2021;17:DOI: 10.1177/17455065211031480.
Ozturk M, Boran P, Ersu R, Peker Y. Possums-based parental education for infant sleep: cued care resulting in sustained breastfeeding. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2021:doi: 10.1007/s00431-00021-03942-00432.
Whittingham K, Palmer C, Douglas PS, Creedy DK, Sheffield J. Evaluating the 'Possums' health professional training in parent-infant sleep. Infant Mental Health Journal. 2020:doi:10.1002/imhj.21885.
Ball H, Taylor CE, Thomas V, Douglas PS, Sleep Baby and You Working Group. Development and evaluation of ‘Sleep, Baby & You’ - an approach to supporting parental well-being and responsive infant caregiving. Plos One. 2020;15(8): e0237240
Douglas, Pamela. Pre-emptive intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder: theoretical foundations and clinical translation. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 2019:doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2019.00066
Douglas P S. Part 1 - Babies crying out for help. The Medical Republic. 4 February 2019: 26-28.
Douglas P S. Part 2 - Making sense of baby's crying and fussing. The Medical Republic. 16 February 2019: 26-28.
Douglas P S. Part 3 - Crying babies: feeding, sleeping, and sensory needs. The Medical Republic. 4 March 2019:26-28.
Douglas P S. The Possums Sleep Program: supporting easy, healthy parent-infant sleep. International Journal of Birth and Parent Information. 2018; 6(1):13-16.
Ball H, Douglas PS, Whittingham K, Kulasinghe K, Hill PS. The Possums Infant Sleep Program: parents' perspectives on a novel parent-infant sleep intervention in Australia. Sleep Health. 2018;4 (6):519-526.
Douglas PS, Cameron A, Cichero J, Geddes DT, Hill PS, Kapoor V, et al. Australian Collaboration for Infant Oral Research (ACIOR) Position Statement 1: Upper lip-tie, buccal ties, and the role of frenotomy in infants Australasian Dental Practice. 2018;Jan/Feb 144-146.
Kapoor V, Douglas PS, Hill PS, Walsh L, Tennant M. Frenotomy for tongue-tie in Australian children (2006-2016): an increasing problem. MJA. 2018:88-89.
Douglas PS, Geddes DB. Practice-based interpretation of ultrasound studies leads the way to less pharmaceutical and surgical intervention for breastfeeding babies and more effective clinical support. Midwifery. 2018;58:145–155.
Douglas PS. Essays on health: Australia is failing new parents with conflicting advice - it's urgent we get it right. The Conversation. 2017;12 September https://theconversation.com/essays-on-health-australia-is-failing-new-pa....
Douglas PS. Babies and sleep: a matter of choice. MJA Insight. 2017;34 Douglas PS. Special Edition: Tongue-tie Expert Roundtable. Clinical Lactation. 2017;8(3):87-131.
Douglas PS. Untangling the tongue-tie epidemic. Medical Republic. 2017;1 September
Douglas PS, Keogh R. Gestalt breastfeeding: helping mothers and infants optimise positional stability and intra-oral breast tissue volume for effective, pain-free milk transfer. Journal of Human Lactation. 2017;33(3):509–518.
Douglas PS. Making sense of studies which claim benefits of frenotomy in the absence of classic tongue-tie Journal of Human Lactation. 2017;33(3):519–523.
Wattis L, Kam R, Douglas PS. Three experienced lactation consultants reflect on the oral ties phenomenon. Breastfeeding Review. 2017;25(1):9-15.
Douglas, P S. Conclusions of Ghaheri’s study that laser surgery for posterior tongue and lip ties improve breastfeeding are not substantiated. Breastfeeding Medicine. 2017;12(3):180-181.
Whittingham K, Douglas, Pamela S. 'Possums': building contextual behavioural science into an innovative evidence-based approach to parenting support in early life. In: Kirkaldy B, editor. Psychotherapy in parenthood and beyond. Turin: Edizioni Minerva Medica; 2016. p. 43-56.
Douglas, Pamela S. Response to 'Behavioural management of infant sleep problems under 6 months: what works?'. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2016;37:520-521.
Douglas, Pamela S. Deep cuts under babies' tongues are unlikely to solve breastfeeding problems. The Conversation, 3 March 2016.
Douglas, Pamela S. Tongues tied about tongue-tie. Griffith Review Online, vol 51. 2 March 2016
Douglas, Pamela. High level evidence does not support first wave behavioural approaches to infant sleep. Sleep Medicine Reviews 2015:doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2015.10.007
Williams O, Mutch A, Douglas PS, Boyle F, Hill PS. Proposed changes to Medicare: undermining equity and outcomes in Australian primary health care? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 2015:doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12348.
Douglas PS, Whittingham K. Response to 'Sleeping like a baby? Infant sleep impact on care givers and current controversies'. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2015;51:234.
Whittingham K, Douglas P. Optimising parent-infant sleep in the first 6 months: a new paradigm. Infant Mental Health Journal. 2014;35:614-623.
Douglas P. Diagnosing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease or lactose intolerance in babies who cry alot in the first few months overlooks feeding problems. J Paediatr Child Health. 2013;49:e252-256.
Douglas P, Hill PS. Behavioural sleep interventions in the first six months of life do not improve outcomes for mothers or infants: a systematic review. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2013;34:497–507.
Douglas P, Shirley B. How to Treat: The Crying Baby. Australian Doctor. 2013; 24 May 31-38. (Please ignore the questions and answers at the end of this article, as they were not written by the authors and unfortunately the answers have inaccuracies!)
Douglas PS, Hill PS. A neurobiological model for cry-fuss problems in the first three to four months of life. Med Hypotheses. 2013;81:816-822..
Douglas PS. Re-thinking 'posterior' tongue-tie. Breastfeed Med. 2013;8(6):1-4.
Douglas P, Miller Y, Bucetti A, Hill PS, Creedy D. Preliminary evaluation of a primary care intervention for cry-fuss behaviours in the first three to four months of life ("The Possums Approach"): effects on cry-fuss behaviours and maternal mood. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2013; 18:332-338.
Douglas P, Mares R, Hill P. Interdisciplinary perspectives on the management of the unsettled baby: key strategies for improved outcomes. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2012;18:332-338.
Douglas PS, Hill PS. The crying baby: what approach? Curr Opin Pediatr. 2011;23:523-529.
Douglas P, Hill P. Managing infants who cry excessively in the first few months of life. BMJ. 2011;343:d7772.
Douglas P. The rise and fall of infant reflux. In: Finkel E, editor. The Best Australian Science Writing 2012. Sydney: New South 2011. p. 62-78. Originally published in Griffith Review. 2011;32:241-254.
Douglas PS, Hill PS, Brodribb W. The unsettled baby: how complexity science helps. Arch Dis Child. 2011;96:793-797.
Douglas P, Hiscock H. The unsettled baby: crying out for an integrated, multidisciplinary, primary care intervention. Med J Aust. 2010;193:533-536.
Douglas PS. Excessive crying and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in infants: misalignment of biology and culture. Med Hypotheses. 2005;64:887-898.